How Does Human-Like Knowledge Come into Being in Artificial Associative Systems?

Autorzy/Authors: Adrian Horzyk

Wydawnictwo/Publisher: Proc. of the 8-th International Conference on Knowledge, Information and Creativity Support Systems, ISBN 978-83-912831-8-9, Krakow, Poland, 2013, pp. 189-200.


Knowledge is fundamental for intelligence and allows us to consider tasks and solve various problems. Knowledge is formed individually in brain during one’s whole life. It can be verified, changed, specified and expanded. The knowledge is available through associations that can be automatically triggered in a context of previous thoughts, associations and changing happenings in surroundings. The associations are instantaneously triggered all the time in various brain parts. One association usually triggers another. The way of association can change accordingly to the surroundings, needs, emotions, and the current knowledge in time. The changes in knowledge influence individual processes of association and reasoning. All conclusions are knowledge dependent. This paper reveals and models some associative processes that take place in neural associative systems and enables them to form knowledge in an associative way. Such associative systems allow us also to exploit the knowledge in the similar way people do using associations, various contexts and previous states of neurons of the biological associative systems.


knowledge representation, knowledge formation, knowledge engineering, associative knowledge, as-knowledge, artificial associative systems, associative neuron, as-neuron, associative reasoning, semassel.

the paper

the presentation